Tips-Tips Penting Mengajar Bayi Membaca

Educational Flash Cards

3 things to remember:

1. teach  fast, fast like the wind

2. present new things always

3.and do not test

Why Flash Cards?

  1. Easier: It is easier to teach a two-year-old to read at home than it is to teach a six-year-old at school.
  2. A joyous moment for mothers and babies.:  Since babies would rather learn than do anything else in the world, and would rather be with their parents than with anyone else in the world, there are few activities as joyous as learning-to-read sessions.
  3. Reading is the very basis of all : If mother teaches her baby to read at one, two, or three years of age he will not fail to learn to read in school at six, seven, or eight years of age.
  4. Wondrous thing : It is a wondrous thing for a baby, or child, or an adult to be able to read.
  5. Babies are linguistic geniuses:  Babies take in raw facts such as written and spoken words at a rate that no adult could come close to matching. 

Why is it crucial to 'flash word' during early from 3 months ?

· In the first 6 years of life, a children has a mind that absorbs great amounts of information without any effort.

· This is also the child's greatest learning capability period.

· Thus, flashing words using flash cards can help stimulate the development of both hemispheres of the child's brain.

· The left brain is sharpened through languages while the right brain is strengthen through pictures. Flash cards (especially Chinese characters) can help to achieve whole brain development by stimulating both the child's visual and auditory simultaneously. A well balanced development of the whole brain enhances the child's absorbent mind, learning skills, memory power, analytical and reasoning abilities.

· The children who have strong reading skills since young will have a relaxing and enjoyable 'life long learning process' throughout his life time.


What to do in each flash cards session?

  1. Pick up any number of flash crds. 
  2. Present the flash cards rapidly to your child at arm’s length. 
  3. Can flash from the  front to the  back, but the more preferred method is to flash from the back to the front. 
  4. While flashing the flash cards, read the words rapidly and loudly in a clear, high-pitched and enthusiastic voice. 
  5. Be excited and joyous all the time. 
  6. At the end of flashing, jumble up the flash cards. You may repeat the session for any number of times. You may wish to wait for about 5 minutes although there is no harm doing it immediately. It is suggested to flash the flash cards for 3 sessions in one day. If your child does not want it, do not do it. Do not bribe him into seeing it. Find another opportunity. All babies want to learn through play. 
  7. Always stop before your child wants to stop. This will keep your child’s eagerness, enthusiasm and expectation for the next session of flashing. 
  8. On the second day, retire 1 or any  number of flash cards and replace it (or them) with the same  number of any number of cards. Remember to be flexible and creative. Always let your child guide you to the level of his thirst of learning at that moment. Chances are, your child will request to see the flashcards. 
  9. Do the  same on the third day and onwards. The key to successful early learning is to be joyous about the whole process. Remember to smile, smile, smile! 
  10. At the end of  every session, kiss and hug your child and exclaim how wonderful he is. Give him ‘high-fives’! Tap on his shoulders, anchor him with all the positive messages. Programme into his subconscious mind that he is a super learner. And you love to teach him. 

Important tips on successful flash card learning session

  1. The conditions required for flashing cards are: 

a)  you are light-hearted, happy  and joyous.

b)  Your  child is  well-rested, happy and joyous

c)  A quiet environment, free of distractions. Clear the room if required.

d) Switch off the TV, take the phone off the hook, and minimize the  unnecessary sounds eg. Transferring pagers and handphones to silent mode.

  1. Stop at the time when your child is still keen and interested in the session. It is important not to overdo the sessions. Learning must not be carried out for too long a period of time in view of  your child’s short attention span. Enter into the child’s world rather than pulling him into the adult world. Never, never, never bore your child. Remember, he learns at least 50 times faster than you do! 
  2. Do not be afraid to teach long words. Long words pose no problems to your child and are in fact interesting and easily recognizable. 
  3. At the intial introductory flash card session, avoid putting two words that look similar together, eg. ‘head’ and ‘hand’ to minimize possible confusion ( in the ‘look-say’ flashcard method, avoid arranging words phonetically like ‘cat’, ‘bat’, ‘fat’, ‘hat’, ‘mat’, ‘pat’, ‘rat’, ‘sat’. It becomes boring after a time. Try putting ‘oat’ in the series and you will straight away find that it does not fit in. ‘Put’ and ‘but’ do not go together. English has too many foreign words to follow the phonetic way, eg. Choir, lingerie. Operating the phonetic way activates only the left brain. 
  4. Arrange for your child to win. When your child wins, you win. Act positively by hugging, kissing, praising and motivating your child often. Keep saying ‘very good’ and ‘wow’. He loves to hear you say ‘wow’, ‘marvelous’, ‘fantastic’. 
  5. Do not underestimate your child’s learning ability. Teach with no stress. If you feel stressed, you are not doing it correctly, or may be the wrong time or place. 
  6. Be flexible amd creative, always present new arrangements: eg. By telling stories to your child as both of you progress. Let him make up his stories. 
  7. When you introduce new words, flash them fast.
  8. You may want to present a ‘problem solving’ method by holding up 2 flash cards for your child to choose the correct one. If your child takes more than 3 seconds, move or wave the card to give it away to him. If your child right, celebrate! If wrong card is chosen, present the right card. Remember, this is not a test but an opportunity to learn. He is still a baby. Love him unconditionally. Do not spend time testing him. Teach him. You can explain the meanings of the words to your child. Keep it simple. 
  9. Games that you can play with: 

a)Place the cards on the floor for your child to find eg. ‘mother’, ‘uncle’ …. Pass small items like coins, toy cars, to your child and say , “ give this to ‘mother’, drive your toy car to ‘uncle’.

b)Hand over pictures for the child to match his cards. Eg. ‘dog’, ‘swim’, ‘apple’.

c) Teach the ‘memory train’ method by creating stories with flash cards, eg. “One day, a ‘yellow’ bird flew up a ‘tree’. It was singing because it likes to ‘sing’ and it was dancing because it likes to ‘dance’. A ‘horse’ was eating ‘grass’ below the ‘tree’. On seeing the ‘bird’, it started to ‘laugh’. And invite your child to laugh crazy like a ‘horse’.

What words/How many words to flash in each session?

 Start with the words that your child familiar with. E.g. hand, leg, eyes, sit, milk, cry. These is to arouse the child's interest, they can quicly assocaite the "sound"(languague) they familiar with(heard day to day) with the "symbol" (the word) they saw 

 Avoid putting similar words within a single session. E.g. head,hand    

 We recomend parents to start with 5 cards per session , 2-3 session per day for children 2 - 12 months old 

 We recomend parents to start with 10 cards per session , 1-3 session per day for children > 12 months old




How to conduct a flash card session?


· Tell your child that you are going to show him "English/Chinese/Malay Flash Card"

· Hold up the card in front of your child (with the larger text facing the child, the smaller text facing yourself), and read out the word aloud in a clear and enthusiastic voice. The distance between your child and the card is at arm's length, or can be further... as long as the child can see the word and hear your voice clearly. Make sure that's no other distractions such as noise from tv/radio and etc.

· Hold up the next card(bring from back to front) and read out the word aloud concurrently. You start to read out the word when the card is still behind, and at the same time bring the card to front is less than 1/2 a second. DO NOT bring the card to the front THEN speak out the word

· If you are using our word first 2-Sides Chinese FlashCard, make sure your hand/finger cover the small word on the right-top corner.

· After flashing all the cards, repeat the 1st card you had flash. E.g. you flash "banana","dog","cat","hand","cry","walk","tall","father","banana"

· You may create a short story/sentences using the last word that you had just flash. E.g. "banana", "Do you like to eat banana?", "Monkey like to eat banana"

· Rewards your child by any of the follwings:-

· Give him/her a hug.Not more than 8 seconds as recomended by Prof. Shichida

· Give him/her a thumbs up.

· Praise him/her

· Make sure there is at least 30 minutes break in between each session



At what age should I start the flash card session?


Maths Dots Card


For maths dots card, you can start as early as 4 months pregnance. Please refer to Child Genius Magazine for more info.


The best age to start the maths dot card is 2-5 months old, the earlier the better/easier. As this age, the child had yet develop any strong preference yet... so they can absorb everthing... easier and faster.


If the maths dots card is introduce after 24 months, it is very difficult to stimulate their right brain to capture the image of the dots. The children will tend to count how many dots on the card.


We strongly recomend you to read up How to teach your baby math

English/Chinese/Malay Word Card


The best age to start the word card is 3-5 months old, the earlier the better/easier. As this age, the child had yet develop any strong preference yet... so they can absorb everthing... easier and faster.


If the word card is introduce after the child has learn the alphabets, it is very difficult to stimulate their right brain to capture the image of the word. The children will tend to read each alphabets.(which is the left-brain function)


We strongly recomend you to read up How to teach your baby to read


When is the right time of the day to conduct the flash card session?



Anytime. As long as your child and yourself are in good mood.



Should I avoid using difficult word in the initial flash card session?



Remember this flash card session is a right-brain training method - the children remember the word subconciously by images, not by alphabets (for Englis and Malay) or by Stroke(for Chinese). So, the word "grandfather" does not means is a more difficult word to recognise compare to "father".


So, you can introduce any words to the child but make sure within a session, it has 70% of the words that the child is familiar with, and 30% of the words that the child is less familiar. When we said "familiar" words, we are not referring to the words that the child already recognise, we are referring to the words that the parents/child always use/speak in their daily conversation.


Why the word/dots must be red?



It is read simply because:-


Red always capture the attention of the children.Studies shown that babies' eyes perceive Red, Black and White better than any other colorur.


Red is the most prominent color and travel further. (that's why traffice light is red as the the driver can notice the red light from very far away)


Red will leave the the strongest "after image". Look at a object then close your eyes to visual the object you have just seen, red object is easier to visualise than anyother color


The conclusion is that Red is the prefer colour, followed by Black.


How to know if my child has recognise the words?



We DO NOT encourage parents to test their babies. Due to the following reasons:-


If your babies got the answer WRONG, you may be dissapointed! Your babies can sense your dissapointment and this will create unnessary stress to the parents and the babies. Always remember, as long as the Flash Card session is a happy and joyful - whether the babies able to recognise how many words are less important.


If your babies got the answer Correct, you will be very delighted! Your babies can sense your happines and this will encourate the babies to play the flash card "game". However, when your babies got the answer WRONG in the subsequent test, it will translate to even BIGGER dissapointment to the parents due to the "expectation" the parents have in the earlier success test. This will create even bigger stress to the babies. So, please do not test your babies - they plenty opportunities to face tests when they go to school :D

Copyright © 2018 One Stop Nur Iman Enterprise. Template oleh Portal Usahawan . Laman Web Ini Dibina oleh Team Kedai Online
warobbo template